Mental Illness and Crime

IX. Conclusion

The subject of mental illness and crime is significant in many ways. Mental illness is pervasive in all aspects of the criminal justice system, from offenders to victims. It impacts each segment of the criminal justice system in many ways, from monetary issues to personnel training and interagency collaboration. It is a problem that requires a multifaceted approach to finding solutions. These solutions are generally community specific and agency resource dependent, requiring innovative initiatives and leaders.

Browse criminal justice research papers or view criminal justice research topics.

Bibliography:

  1. Barr, I. (2003). Mentally ill, chemically addicted and stuck in jail. Retrieved from http://www.gothamgazette.com/index.php/health/2109-mentally-ill-chemically-addicted-and-stuck-in-jail
  2. Blough, S. (2004). Standards for the mentally ill in jails. Retrieved from http://codes.ohio.gov/oac/5120:1-7-02
  3. Boothroyd, R., Poythress, N., McGaha, A., & Petrila, J. (2003). The Broward Mental Health Court: Process, outcomes, and service utilization. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 26, 55–71.
  4. Brad H. et al. v. City of New York et al., 185 Misc. 2d 420, 712 N.Y.S. 2d 336 (Sup. Ct. 2000).
  5. Bumiller, E. (1999, November 20). In wake of attack, Giuliani cracks down on homeless. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/1999/11/20/nyregion/in-wake-of-attack-giuliani-cracks-down-on-homeless.html
  6. Bureau of Justice Assistance Law Enforcement/Mental Health Partnership Program: https://www.bja.gov/ProgramDetails.aspx?Program_ID=66
  7. Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2006). Mental health problems of prison and jail inmates. Retrieved from http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/mhppji.pdf
  8. Butterfield, F., (1998, March 5). Prisons replace hospitals for the nation’s mentally ill. New York Times.
  9. Casey v. Lewis, 516 U.S. 804 (1996).
  10. Council of State Governments. (2002). Criminal Justice Mental Health Consensus Project: New York. Lexington, KY: Author.
  11. Council of State Governments Justice Center. (2008). Mental health courts:A primer for policymakers and practitioners. Retrieved from https://www.bja.gov/Publications/MHC_Primer.pdf
  12. Dunn v. Voinovich, Case No. C1–93–0166 (S.D. Ohio 1995).
  13. Dupont, R., Cochran, S., & Bush, A. (1999). Reducing criminalization among individuals with mental illness. Conference presentation given at the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Conference on Forensics and Mental Illness, Washington, DC.
  14. Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97 (1976).
  15. Howard, J. (1777). State of prisons in England and Wales. Warrington, UK: William Eyres.
  16. Insel, T. R. (2003, March). Introductory presentation. Presented at “Beyond the Clinic Walls: Expanding Mental Health, Drug and Alcohol Services Research Outside the Specialty Care System,” a conference cosponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, Washington, DC.
  17. Levin, A. (2005, September 2). People with mental illness more often crime victims. Psychiatric News, p. 16.
  18. MacArthur Foundation. (2001, February). The MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Study. http://www.macarthur.virginia.edu/violence.html
  19. MacLowry, R. (Producer), & Samels, M. (Director). (2003). A brilliant madness [Television broadcast]. New York: Public Broadcasting Service.
  20. Marley, J. A., & Buila, S. (1999). When violence happens to people with mental illness: Disclosing victimization. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 69, 398–402.
  21. Mayo Clinic. (2006, August 17). Defining mental illness: An interview with a Mayo Clinic specialist. Retrieved from http://www-cgi.cnn.com/HEALTH/library/HQ/01079.html
  22. Mental Retardation Facilities and Community Mental Health Centers ConstructionAct of 1963, 42 U.S.C. § 2684(3) et seq. Mentally Ill Offender Treatment and Crime Reduction Act of 2003, 42 U.S.C. § 3711 et seq.
  23. Moore, M. E., & Hiday, V. A. (2006). Mental health court outcomes: A comparison of re-arrest and re-arrest severity between mental health court and traditional court participants. Law and Human Behavior, 164, 1395–1403.
  24. Munetz, M. R., Fitzgerald, A., &Woody, M. (2006). Police use of the Taser with people with mental illness in crisis. Psychiatric Services. Retrieved from http://www.researchgate.net/publication/7027800_Police_use_of_the_taser_with_people_with_mental_illness_in_crisis
  25. Neisser, E. (1977). Is there a doctor in the joint? The search for constitutional standards for prison health care. Virginia Law Review, 921, 956–957.
  26. Ohio Supreme Court Advisory Committee on the Mentally Ill in the Courts: http://www.supremecourt.ohio.gov/Boards/CJMI/default.asp
  27. Perez, A., Liefman, S., & Estrada, A. (2003). Reversing the criminalization of mental illness. Crime & Delinquency, 49, 62–78.
  28. Ridgely,M. S., Engberg, J., Greenberg,M. D.,Turner, S., DeMartini, C., & Dembosky, J.W. (2007). Justice, treatment, and cost: An evaluation of the fiscal impact of Allegheny County mental health court (Technical report). Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.
  29. Robertson, G., Pearson, R., & Gibb, R. (1996). The entry of mentally disordered people to the criminal justice system. British Journal of Psychiatry, 169, 172–180.
  30. Rodgers, B. A. (2006). Psychological aspects of police work: An officer’s guide to street psychology. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.
  31. Ruiz v. Estelle, 503 F. Supp. 1265 (S.D. Tex. 1980). Sanow, E. (2006). New liability with mentally ill. Law & Order, 54(12), 6.
  32. Schwarzfeld, M., Reuland, M., & Plotkin, M. (2008). Improving responses to people with mental illnesses: The essential elements of a specialized law enforcement-based program.
  33. New York: Council of State Governments Justice Center. Second Chance Act of 2007, 42 U.S.C. § 17531 et seq.
  34. Stephan, J. J. (2001). Census of jails, 1999.Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  35. Stephey, M. J. (2007, August 8). De-criminalizing mental illness. Time. Retrieved February 6, 2009, from http://content.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1651002,00.html
  36. Talking to “invisible” people: How to communicate with the mentally ill in times of crisis. (2005, March). Law Enforcement Technology; September 1, 2005.
  37. Teller, J., Munetz, M., Gil, K., & Ritter, C. (2006). Crisis intervention team training for police officers responding to mental disturbance calls. Psychiatric Services, 57, 232–237.
  38. Teplin, L. (1999, October). Criminal victimization of the mentally ill. Presentation given at the National Research Council’s Workshop on Crime Victims with Developmental Disabilities, Irvine, CA.
  39. Torrey, E. F. (1997). Out of the shadows: Confronting America’s mental illness crisis. New York: Wiley.
  40. Treatment Advocacy Center. (2005). Briefing paper: Law enforcement and people with severe mental illnesses. Retrieved from http://www.treatmentadvocacycenter.org/resources/consequences-of-lack-of-treatment/jail/1385
  41. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1999). Mental health: A report of the surgeon general. Rockville, MD: SubstanceAbuse andMental Health ServicesAdministration.
  42. U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. (1999). Mental health and treatment of inmates and probationers. Retrieved from http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/mhtip.pdf
  43. U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2003). Reentry trends in the United States, 2002. Retrieved from http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/reentry.pdf
  44. Vickers, B. (2000, July). Memphis, Tennessee, police department’s crisis intervention team. Practitioner Perspectives, pp. 1–12.
  45. Wilkinson, R. (2003). Congressional testimony. Senate Bill 1194, The Mentally Ill Offender and Crime Reduction Act of 2003.
  46. Wyatt v. Stickney, 344 F. Supp. 387 (M.D. Ala. 1972).