Community Corrections

IX. Conclusion

Few studies have compared offenders sentenced to jail or prison with those sentenced to a community-based program. Although the rate of reoffending is lower for offenders sentenced in the community, when prior criminal record is controlled, there is little overall difference in recidivism rates between the two sanctions. If that is the case, it seems reasonable to choose the less expensive punishment option and reserve prisons for the select few persons who are true dangers to the rest of society.

Browse criminal justice research papers or view criminal justice research topics.

Bibliography:

    1. Alarid, L. F., Cromwell, P. F., & del Carmen, R. (2008). Community-based corrections (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage.
    2. Alarid, L. F., & Reichel, P. L. (2008). Corrections: A contemporary introduction. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
    3. Austin, J. (2001). Prisoner reentry: Current trends, practices, and issues. Crime & Delinquency, 47(3), 314–334.
    4. Bahn, C., & Davis, J. R. (1998). Day reporting centers as an alternative to incarceration. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 27, 139–150.
    5. Bazemore, G., & Stinchcomb, J. (2004). A civic engagement model of reentry: Involving community through service and restorative justice. Federal Probation, 68(2), 14–24.
    6. Bottcher, J., & Ezell, M. E. (2005). Examining the effectiveness of boot camps: A randomized experiment with a long-term follow-up. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 42(3), 309–332.
    7. Czuchry, M., Sia, T. L., & Dansereau, D. F. (2006). Improving early engagement and treatment readiness of probationers. Prison Journal, 86(1), 56–74.
    8. Deschenes, E. P., Turner, S., & Petersilia, J. (1995). A dual experiment in intensive community supervision: Minnesota’s Prison Diversion and Enhanced Supervised Release Programs. Prison Journal, 75(3), 330–356.
    9. Fischer, B. (2003). “Doing good with a vengeance”: A critical assessment of the practices, effects, and implications of drug treatment courts in North America. Criminal Justice, 3(3), 227–248.
    10. Gray, M. K., Fields, M., & Maxwell, S. R. (2001). Examining probation violations: Who, what, and when. Crime & Delinquency, 47(4), 537–557.
    11. Greek, C. E. (2002). Tracking probationers in space and time: The convergence of GIS and GPS systems. Federal Probation, 66(1), 51–53.
    12. Harris, P.M. (1999). Research to results: Effective community corrections. Lanham, MD: American Correctional Association.
    13. Outlaw, M. C., & Ruback, R. B. (1999). Predictors and outcomes of victim restitution orders. Justice Quarterly, 16, 847–869.
    14. Padgett, K. G., Bales, W. D., & Blomberg, T. G. (2006). Under surveillance: An empirical test of the effectiveness and consequences of electronic monitoring. Criminology & Public Policy, 5(1), 61–92.
    15. Panzarella, R. (2002). Theory and practice of probation on bail in the report of John Augustus. Federal Probation, 66(3), 38–42.
    16. Petersilia, J. (2001). Reforming probation and parole in the 21st century. Lanham, MD: American Correctional Association.
    17. Ruback, R. B., & Bergstrom, M. H. (2006). Economic sanctions in criminal justice: Purposes, effects, and implications. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 33(2), 242–273.
    18. Ulrich, T. E. (2002). Pretrial diversion in the federal court system. Federal Probation, 66(3), 30–37.
    19. Wilson, D. B., MacKenzie, D. L., & Mitchell, F. N. (2005). Effects of correctional boot camps on offending. A Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice Group Systematic review.