Police–Community Relations


  1. Bracey, D. H. (1992). Police corruption and community relations: Community policing. Police Studies, 15, 179–183.
  2. Brandl, S. G., Frank, J., Worden, R. E., & Bynum, T. S. (1994). Global and specific attitudes toward the police: Disentangling the relationship. Justice Quarterly, 11, 119–134.
  3. Cao, L., Frank, J., & Cullen, F. T. (1996). Race, community context, and confidence in the police. American Journal of Police, 15, 3–22.
  4. Carlson, D. P. (2002). When cultures clash: The divisive nature of police–community relations and suggestions for improvement. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  5. Carter, D. L., & Radelet, L. A. (1998). The police and the community (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  6. Cordner,G. (1999). Elements of community policing. In L.K.Gaines & G. Cordner (Eds.), Policing perspectives: An anthology (pp. 137–149). Los Angeles: Roxbury.
  7. Duffee, D. E., Fluellen, R., & Renauer, B. C. (2000). Community variables in community policing. Police Quarterly, 2, 5–31.
  8. Dunham, R. C., &Alpert, G. P. (1988). Neighborhood differences in attitudes toward policing: Evidence for a mixed-strategy model of policing in a multi-ethnic setting. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 79, 504–523.
  9. Goldsmith, A. (2005). Police reform and the problem of trust. Theoretical Criminology, 9, 443–470.
  10. Goldstein, H. (1979). Improving policing: A problem-oriented approach. Crime & Delinquency, 25, 236–258.
  11. Greene, J. A. (1999). Zero tolerance: A case study of police policies and practices in New York City. Crime & Delinquency, 45, 171–187.
  12. Greene, J. R., & Mastrofski, S. D. (1991). Community policing: Rhetoric or reality. New York: Praeger.
  13. Johnson, P. H. (1984). Police community relations: The management factor. American Journal of Police, 3, 185–204.
  14. Kelling, G. L., & Moore, M. H. (1991). From political to reform to community: The evolving strategy of police. In J. R. Greene & S. D. Mastrofski (Eds.), Community policing: Rhetoric or reality (pp. 3–25). New York: Praeger,.
  15. Kessler, D. A. (1999). The effects of community policing on complaints against officers. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 15, 333–372.
  16. Klyman, F., & Kruckenberg, J. (1979). A national survey of police–community relations units. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 7, 72–79.
  17. Lyons, W. (1999). The politics of community policing: Rearranging the power to punish. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
  18. Manning, P. K. (1984). Community policing. American Journal of Police, 3, 205–227.
  19. Miller, J., Bland, N., & Quinton, P. (2001). A challenge for police–community relations: Rethinking stop and search in England and Wales. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 9, 71–93.
  20. Palmiotto, M. J., & Unninthan, N. P. (2002). The impact of citizen police academies on participants: An exploratory study. Journal of Criminal Justice, 30, 101–106.
  21. Reisig, M. D., & Parks, R. B. (2000). Experience, quality of life, and neighborhood context: A hierarchical analysis of satisfaction with the police. Justice Quarterly, 17, 607–630.
  22. Rosenbaum, D. P. (1994). The challenge of community policing: Testing the promises. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  23. Rosenbaum, D. P., Schuck, A. M., Costello, S. K., Hawkins, D. F., & Ring, M. K. (2005). Attitudes toward the police: The effects of direct and vicarious experience. Police Quarterly, 8, 343–365.
  24. Schafer, J. A., Huebner, B. M., & Bynum, T. S. (2003). Citizen perceptions of police services: Race, neighborhood context, and community policing. Police Quarterly, 6, 440–468.
  25. Schneider, S. R. (1999). Overcoming barriers to communication between police and socially disadvantaged neighborhoods: A critical theory of community policing. Crime, Law and Social Change, 30, 347–377.
  26. Scott, J. D. (2002). Assessing the relationship between police– community coproduction and neighborhood-level social capital. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 18, 147–166.
  27. Skogan, W. G. (2005). Citizen satisfaction with police encounters. Police Quarterly, 8, 298–321.
  28. Skogan, W. G. (2006). Police and community in Chicago: A tale of three cities. New York: Oxford University Press.
  29. Steel, B. S., & Lovrich, N. P. (1988). Police–community relations programs in U.S. cities: Did they survive the termination of LEAA (Law Enforcement Assistance Administration) and the fiscal crisis of the 1980s? American Journal of Police, 7, 53–80.
  30. Stoutland, S. E. (2001).The multiple dimensions of trust in resident/ police relations in Boston. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 38, 226–256.
  31. Sunshine, J., & Tyler, T. R. (2003). The role of procedural justice and legitimacy in shaping public support for police. Law & Society Review, 37, 513–547.
  32. Taylor, R. W. (1984). Historical developments and contemporary concepts in police–community relations. American Journal of Police, 3, 145–167.
  33. Thacher, D. (2001). Conflicting values in community policing. Law & Society Review, 35, 765–798.
  34. Thurman, Q. C., Zhao, J., & Giacomazzi, A. L. (2001). Community policing in a community era: An introduction and exploration. Los Angeles: Roxbury.
  35. Trojanowicz, R. C., & Bucqueroux, B. (1990). Community policing: A contemporary perspective. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.
  36. Walker, S. (1997). Complaints against the police: A focus group study of citizen perceptions, goals, and expectations. Criminal Justice Review, 22, 207–226.
  37. Weitzer, R. (2000). Racialized policing: Residents’ perceptions in three neighborhoods. Law & Society Review, 34, 129–155.
  38. Weitzer, R., & Tuch, S. A. (2005). Determinants of public satisfaction with the police. Police Quarterly, 8, 279–297.
  39. Wilson, J. Q., & Kelling, G. L. (1982, March). Police and neighborhood safety: Broken windows. Atlantic Monthly, 29–38.
  40. Worrall, J. L. (2002). If you build it they will come: Consequences of improved citizen complaint review procedures. Crime & Delinquency, 48, 355–379.

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